The Encyclopedia Britannica defines cyber crime as any crime that is committed by means of special knowledge or expert use of computer technology. So what exactly is Cyber Crime? Cyber crime could reasonably include a wide variety of criminal offences and activities.
The Internet – or Cyber Space as it s sometimes called, is a borderless environment unlike a brick and mortar world. Even though it is indispensable as a knowledge bank, it is an ideal tool for someone with a criminal bent of mind, who can use this environment to his/ her maximum advantage.
It is not a surprise that Cyber Crimes like money cyber stalking, denial of service, e-mail abuse, chat abuse and other crimes are on the rise. Cyber Terrorist and cyber mafia are emerging with great force, whose activities are going to threaten the sovereignty of nations and world order.
Types of Cybercrime
Assault by Threat – threatening a person with fear for their lives or the lives of their families or persons whose safety they are responsible for (such as employees or communities) through the use of a computer network such as email, videos, or phones.
Child pornography – the use of computer networks to create, distribute, or access materials that sexually exploit underage children.
Cyber contraband – transferring illegal items through the internet (such as encryption technology) that is banned in some locations.
Cyberlaundering – electronic transfer of illegally-obtained monies with the goal of hiding its source and possibly its destination.
Cyberstalking – express or implied physical threats that creates fear through the use of computer technology such as email, phones, text messages, webcams, websites or videos.
Cyberterrorism – premeditated, usually politically-motivated violence committed against civilians through the use of, or with the help of, computer technology.
With 431 million adult victims globally in the past year and at an annual price of $388 billion globally based on financial losses and time lost, cybercrime costs the world significantly more than the global black market in marijuana, cocaine and heroin combined ($288 billion). Small businesses are easy target for cyber attacks.
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